第25章 Beijing folk culture(4)

During the Qing Dynasty, men had the front rim of their hair trimm ed neatly and the hair was bound into a long plait, which gained the infamous name "pigtail". Every man wore a hat, which mainly included the official and the casual types. The round official hats were made of leather and satin. A red silk plait atop the hat carried a big jewel of red, blue or gold color according to the official ranking. A tube beneath the jewel contained a bunch of peacock tail feathers. The highest-level officials had three glowing barbules amid the feathers while lower officials had only one or two barbules. There were many types of casual hats, "vith the most common type being "waterm elon hat" -a hat of six parts joined at the top. It signifies the union of heaven, earth and all four directions of the world.

Men"s dresses in Qing Dynasty included long robe, heavy short coat, shirt, overcoat, pants and others. The long robe and the overcoat are formal dresses. The long robe reaches below the knees and the collar is round. Its front is zipped on the side of the chest with embroidered buttons. There are slits on the robe. Members of the royal family had four slits, while men of official ranking had two. The long robe has an ornamental broad rim shaped like the horse hoof at the end of the sleeve. The rim is usually folded, but it must be flattened while doing courtesy to superiors. The overcoat reaches the waist and is worn over the long robe. It also has a round collar and two slits on the side, with ornamental buttons in the middle or on the side.

The women of Qing Dynasty liked to have the hair piled high into a bun. The rest of the long hair is bound behind the head and trimmed into what looks like the swallow"s tail. The bun grew even higher at the end of the Qing Dynasty. An ornamental board was fixed on the head with a huge peony flower in the middle. It was nicknamed "big spreading wings".

Most women wore cloak, heavy coat and skirt for formal occasions. The casual dress would include a long robe embroidered at the collar and sleeve. A vest would add more color and style to the robe. Women of the Han nationality started binding their feet from adolescent years and throughout their lives, they must endure sharp pains walking in narrow, short embroidered shoes that the men very much adored. The Manchurian women were luckier to be free of this bound. But the noble ladies and their maids walked in shoes with a wooden stick shaped like the flower pot at the middle of the sole. It was thought that the women walking gingerly would look more elegant.

Peddlers" call

Carp: Live carp!

Gold fish: Come to buy big and small gold fish!

Tangmianjiao (a dumpling made with half boiled dough and steamed): Hot tangmian dumpling!

Yuanxiao (a dumpling made with the powder of glutinous rice for the Lantern Festival): Osmanthus

flower yuanxiao! Tenacious and smooth! Yuanxiao with osmanthus flower and a myriad of flavors!

Taiyanggao (sun cake, a cake printed with the pattern of a cock or with a miniature cock on the top

to be offered to the God of Sun on the 1st day of the 2nd lunar month): Sun cake to offer Buddha!

Sun cake, sun cake with the cock!

Basins and jars: Small basins! Small jars! Shallow ones for kittens! Jars for water! Chamber pots,

big and small!

Xuanfen (bean jelly contained in copper basin known as tongxuanzi as a summer dessert): Cool, really cool xuanfen!

Chinese prickly ash and Chinese toon: Fresh Chinese prickly ash, tender leaves of Chinese toon!

Common sow thistle: common sow thistle, fresh tender common sow thistle!

Apricot: Apricots, charge you free if it"s not sour! Apricots, sweet ones, you can change for free if it"s sour!

Chinese herbaceous peony: Chinese herbaceous peony of Imperial Consort Yang (Yang Yuhuan was a favorite imperial Consort of Emperor Xuanzong of Tang Dynasty and one of four best-known beauties in Chinese history).

Yellow croaker: Aye, come and buy yellow croaker!

Zongzi (pyramid-shaped dessert made with glutinous rice wrapped in reed or bamboo leaf for Duanwu Festival): Huge, cool zongzi with glutinous rice and small date! Tenacious zongzi with glutinous millet and small date!

Calamus and Chinese mugwort (medicinal herbs burnt during the Duanwu Festival to drive away insects and evil spirits): Calamus, good Chinese mugwort!

Mulberry fruit and cherry: Black and white mulberries, big ones to offer to Buddha! Huge cherries! Protective talisman and bottle gourd: Come for talisman to drive away all five poisonous creatures (snake, centipede, scorpion, gecko and toad)!

Steamed lotus root : Lotus root stuffed with glutinous rice!

Sweet-sour plum juice: Really sweet plum juice! Camels carried the spring water from Jade Spring Mountain; bees from the south made the nest. Get a bowl and have a try. I won"t charge you if it"s not cold or sweet.

Peas: Peas tenacious as cow tendon! Peas that are better than hazelnuts! Dried fragrant peas! Peas better than dried bean curd! Peas! Extra ones! Peas!

Watermelon: Sweet to the core with crispy flesh, what a perfectly round watermelon!

Peach: Big, honey peaches full of juice, honey peaches of Shenzhou (a city in Hebei Province known for good quality peaches)!

Xuehualao (a snowflake-like dessert): Snowflakes falling off icicle drive away summer heat and

quench thirst. Snowflakes from icicle, made with good water, sugar and osmanthus flower.

Pear paste candy (the sweet is believed to have a good effect on coughing): Big pear paste candies!

Fresh flowers: Selling magnolia flowers! Jasmine flowers!

Jujube and walnut: Sour jujube, come and buy! It"s free if it"s not sour!

Crab: Aye-hi-aye, big live crabs!

Hawthorn (the sweet-sour fruits are put on a bamboo stick and dipped in simmering sugar to get a light brown coating): Only two sticks of big hawthorns left!

Peanuts: Crispy peanuts! Come and pick peanuts!

Persimmon: Big persimmons! Like honey! Change it for free if it"s astringent.

  • 美国语文读本3(美国原版经典语文课本)美国语文读本3(美国原版经典语文课本)威廉·H·麦加菲|英文图书美国语文读本3(美国原版经典语文课本)》也是较正式的课文。每一课包括词汇和课文,以及对一些生词的英文解释,让学生学会通过简单英文理解生词,养成用英语理解和思维的习惯。
  • 英国语文(英文原版)(第5册)英国语文(英文原版)(第5册)托马斯-尼尔森公司|英文图书一套经典原版教材,了解英国人文历史、欣赏英国文学的优秀读本。全书分级编写,还附有大量插图。充满趣味的英语故事与优美的英国文学相融合,让国内学生更好地感悟英国文化历史,并真正学好英语这门语言。无论是作为英语学习的课本,还是作为提高英语水平的课外读物
  • 长大不是一个人的事情长大不是一个人的事情美丽英文编辑部|英文图书成长的道路总是崎岖不平,然而也乐趣多多,美丽的景色是岁月的馈赠,内心的愈加强大是更加耀眼的收获。本书选取了《美丽英文》杂志温馨治愈的暖心英文故事来阐述成长这件小事,世界的每个角落都是这样走过,在家人的赞许的目光里寻找支点,在朋友的相扶相伴里寻找勇气,在恋人的不离不弃里寻找力量,这样一步一步,完成长大这个蜕变。
  • 英国学生文学读本(套装共6册)英国学生文学读本(套装共6册)托马斯-尼尔森公司|英文图书《英国学生文学读本(套装共6册)》以英文原版形式出版,图文并茂。编写体例统一严谨,包括生词、课文、语音、拼读练习、词汇解释等,同时还附加了单词拓展练习。可以伴随学生从小学直至高中或大学阶段。同时也适合成人英语学习者提高英语阅读水平使用,让众多国内读者在了解西方文学的同时,也感受英语语言的魅力。
  • 不可不知的美国100所名校(英汉双语版)不可不知的美国100所名校(英汉双语版)阳程编著|英文图书本书从历史等其他角度发掘每一所名校的创立,同时传播了这些一流大学的教育精神。通过图片和文字结合来介绍名校的各自特色,让广大读者了解美国名校的情况,让国内的大学可以吸收经验,同时为学生出国留学铺一条捷径。
  • ElementsofChinaElementsofChinaLaurence|英文图书TheChinesenationevolvedbetweentworivers,theYellowandYangtze,basinsofwheatandrice,givingChinesepeoplecharacteristicsofthriftandpersistence,survivalandaninnateunderstandingoftheforcesofchangewhichcomewiththerevolvingseasonsandeverharmoniouscyclesofnature.
  • 英国语文(英文原版)(第6册)英国语文(英文原版)(第6册)托马斯-尼尔森公司|英文图书一套经典原版教材,了解英国人文历史、欣赏英国文学的优秀读本。全书分级编写,还附有大量插图。充满趣味的英语故事与优美的英国文学相融合,让国内学生更好地感悟英国文化历史,并真正学好英语这门语言。无论是作为英语学习的课本,还是作为提高英语水平的课外读物
  • BeijngtourguideBeijngtourguideWangQicheng|英文图书Beijingitisalsoanancientcitythathasbeenthenationiscapitalfor850yearsinitstotalhistoryofmorethan3,000years.Itisagreatcitywiththemagnitudeofavastcountryandthehustleandbustleofathrivingcosmopolis.
  • 宁夏旅游景点、酒店中文公示语英译指南宁夏旅游景点、酒店中文公示语英译指南周玉忠,杨春泉,宋江录,白怡康|英文图书公共场所公示语(publicsigns)是以图形、色彩、文字组合表示公共场所或设施的用途的标志物,指的是在公众场合给公众提供指示信息、禁令信息、警告信息、提示信息和宣传信息等的文字语言。与公示语意义相近的词语包括“标志语”“标示语”“标语”等,但“公示语”却能涵盖以上不同名称的内涵和外延,最终成为它们的集合名词。《宁夏旅游景点、酒店中文公示语英译指南》适合从事相关研究工作的人员参考阅读。
  • 美国语文读本5(美国原版经典语文课本)美国语文读本5(美国原版经典语文课本)威廉·H·麦加菲|英文图书《美国语文读本5(美国原版经典语文课本)》主要介绍了狄更斯、华盛顿?欧文、爱默生等名家的诗歌和散文,每篇文章前还增加了作者简介与相关背景知识,内容丰富而有一定深度。